What Are the Stages of Group Development? 2023

In teams, the internal characteristics are the people in the team and how they interact with each other. At each step, it should be remembered that at no point should a leader be focusing solely on productivity. He or she is working with people, afterall and is working to build genuine relationships. A good leader is someone who knows how to build these relationships genuinely and reap the results of productivity as a secondary reward. These kinds of apathetic mindsets effectively kill a team as a whole. They should be avoided at all costs, and that’s why the norming step should be carefully monitored for this kind of behavior.

what are the four stages of group development

The third stage of the Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing model is Norming. In the first stage of the Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing model is Forming. Managers and project leads need to keep their eyes open, but be mostly hands-off so the team can build muscle around working independently.

Stages of Team Development

A “can do” attitude is visible as are offers to assist one another. Roles on the team may have become more fluid, with members taking on various roles and responsibilities as needed. Differences among members are appreciated and used to enhance the team’s performance.

what are the four stages of group development

Furthermore, Rebecca Stroud Stasel cites that people have natural, deeply seated tendencies for either leadership or following leaders. The renowned Bruce W. Tuckman — a researcher at the American Psychological Association — established a 4-step model in 1965 in his landmark paper titled Developmental sequence in small groups. The diagram shows that the effectiveness of a team or group fluctuates over time. CDC’s Youth Physical Activity Basics
This site has information on how to help children be active and play. CDC’s Youth Physical Activity Guidelines
This site has information on how to help children be active and play.

Play to your team members’ strengths

Teams usually develop norms that guide the activities of team members. Team norms set a standard for behavior, attitude, and performance that all team members are expected to follow. Norms are effective because team members want to support the team and preserve relationships in the team, and when norms are violated, there is peer pressure or sanctions to enforce compliance. Bear in mind that, in some cases, you might need to reform and relaunch a long-standing team to reap the benefits of all four Tuckman stages. And to be clear, the Tuckman model is only one way of looking at team development.

  • To make things more tangible, here’s a quick overview of the behaviors, feelings, group needs, and leadership needs in the Performing Stage.
  • Information flows seamlessly and is uninhibited due to the sense of security members feel in the norming stage.
  • This leads to the development of a sense of belong, loyalty, and commitment to the groups goals.
  • Even the most successful groups, committees, and project teams disband sooner or later.
  • So, team members have grown fully accustomed to each other’s workflows.
  • Encourage members to roll up their sleeves and work collaboratively.

The team is already used to each other’s workflows, and most future disputes and conflicts generally become easier to overcome. The official (or unofficial) team leader takes a back seat much more than in the previous stages. As a result, the individual team members are given their chance to shine. In this stage of group development, individual members are just getting to know each other and don’t have a group process yet. At this stage, the group isn’t very productive, as they’re still getting acclimated and figuring out the role that each person will play on the team.

Stage 3: Norming

Team members are asking such questions as “What does the team offer me? Tuckman’s model for group development is known and widely taught among business owners. Tuckman’s model has shown great results across many different businesses and for many different leaders.

There may be regret as the team ends, so a ceremonial acknowledgement of the work and success of the team can be helpful. If the team is a standing committee with ongoing responsibility, members may be replaced by new people and the team can go back to a forming or storming stage and repeat the development process. While working on a high-performing team may be a truly pleasurable and growthful experience, it is not the end of team development. There is still a need for the team to focus on both process and product, setting new goals as appropriate. Changes, such as members coming or going or large-scale changes in the external environment, can lead a team to cycle back to an earlier stage.

Leadership from the Proverbs: Fear of the Lord

On another occasion, Daniel invents the team’s anthem — which reflects everyone’s tendency to arrive to meetings 2 minutes after the agreed time and then apologize about it too much. The team — no longer just a group — learns about each other’s strengths and weaknesses. More importantly, they realize how to harness their strengths and work arround their weaknesses. what are the four stages of group development Of course, you can only move on to this more pleasant stage if you’ve addressed and answered all the vital questions from the previous, Storming Stage. Once the first articles are finished, the review process brings a couple of more disagreements. Daisy has a couple of notes on the sources and anchors used — this time, Adam agrees, but Daniel gets defensive again.

what are the four stages of group development

None of us have perfect information, but we can get closer by sharing what we know and what we see. I like to play a game I call “Pin the Tail on the Tuckman” to uncover those differences in perception and align on where a team is at. You and your teammates trust each other enough to get a little creative and innovative, while still delivering top-notch work on time.


This article provides a guide to running team building games for remote and virtual teams. At this stage, individuals’ priorities are to get to know each other, to be likable and to build relationships. Given this group dynamic is the priority, individuals may not express their true views, do things their own way or try to influence others too much. The reason they don’t is that there is a risk that doing so may lead to rejection by the group.

A sense of community is established and the group remains focused on the group’s purpose and goal. Leadership is shared, and members are willing to adapt to the needs of the group. Information flows seamlessly and is uninhibited due to the sense of security members feel in the norming stage. The first stage of group development is known as the forming stage — a time when the group is just starting to come together and is characterized by anxiety and uncertainty.

Signs and questions to look out for in the storming stage

By understanding the five stages of group development, you can support your team as they’re getting to know one another to quickly enable collaboration and effective teamwork. Have you ever wondered why it takes some time for a new team to hit peak performance? In this article, we discuss the different stages of team development and how leaders can guide their team through those stages to increase collaboration.

اترك تعليقاً

لن يتم نشر عنوان بريدك الإلكتروني. الحقول الإلزامية مشار إليها بـ *